We celebrate the late British-Iraqi architect Dame Zaha Hadid with a round-up of her studio Zaha Hadid Architects’ top 10 buildings around the world.
1. Heydar Alivev Centre
The architectural studio’s aim when designing this cultural centre in Baku, Azerbaijan, was to break away from the rigid and monumental Soviet architecture that is so prevalent in the area by introducing a structure with soft curves and fluid lines.
2. Port House
A derelict fire station in Antwerp, Belgium, was transformed into a futuristic port headquarters, bringing together the 500 staff members who previously worked in separate buildings around the city.
3. Pierresvives Government Building
This government building in Montpellier, France, houses an archive, library and sports department that are all linked to a central ‘trunk’ by horizontal ‘branches’. Each sector includes a vertical core for internal circulation.
4. Sky SOHO
The exterior of this large development comprising mixed office and retail space is defined by four elongated elements unified by a continuous metallic ‘ribbon’. It is recognised as Zaha Hadid’s first architectural work in Shanghai, China.
5. King Abdullah Petroleum Studies And Research Centre
A non-profit institution in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, the King Abdullah Petroleum Studies And Research Centre was the Zaha Hadid Architects’ first project to receive LEED Platinum certification thanks to its sustainable design that minimises energy and resource consumption.
6. Vitra Fire Station
After years of designing on paper, this fire station for Vitra factory complex was among the first of Zaha Hadid’s projects to be physically realised. Her studio describes the concrete building as a representation of ‘movement frozen’.
7. Morpheus Hotel
Morpheus (meaning ‘shape’) in Macau, China, is the world’s first ‘free-form exoskeleton-bound high-rise architectural composition’, with a twisting steel geometric grid that negates the need for internal walls or columns.
8. Wangjing SOHO
Zaha Hadid Architects’ second major project for SOHO, this expansive office and retail hub in Beijing, China, boasts of a trio of rounded towers described as ‘three interweaving mountains’ that were designed to look like giant pebbles.
9. Dominion Office Building
This seven-storey office block for IT and creative industries in Moscow, Russia, features a shared central atrium that encourages interaction and collaboration between the employees of the companies within the building.
10. Maritime Terminal
Located on the quay that extends into the city’s harbour and marina, this maritime terminal in Salerno, Italy, is composed of three primary interlocking components protected by an exterior ‘shell’ whose design is based on that of an oyster.
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